Types of LED Strips explained

Types of LED Strips explained

Lighting systems named LED strips include a broad range of products such as flexible LED strips, rigid LED strip, Zhaga LED strip, backlight LED strip, power LED strip and much more. Lets briefly explain the most popular types.

Zhaga LED strips 

 Professional LinearZ Modules with Toshiba-SSC SunLike TRI-R LED CRI97 +, Plug & Play Zhaga, flux up to 2700 lm/m

 

Zhaga is shape and connection standard for rigid LED strip. When a product luminaire uses strips with this standard it can be maintained or updated with LED strips of future version or even different manufacturers. Common standards from the Zhaga Book 7 is the L56W2 for strips 56 cm long and 2 cm wide and Book 7 L28W2 for modules 28cm long and 2 cm wide. The Zhaga also requires plug & play connection and space in the PCB for installation with screws.

Advantages of Zhaga LED strips

 

Flexible LED strips

  Professional Lumiflex Nichia LED Strips, 100.000 hours lifetime, flux up to 2600 lm/m

 

Flexible LED strips are a string of LEDs on a narrow, flexible PCB. Other common names are "LED tape light" or "string light". They are usually delivered in lengths of 5 meters, in reels. Most LED strips work at 24VDC or 12VDC and one reel can light up at once from a compatible transformer.

To allow permanent installation, flexible strips require a surface that is well suited for the back adhesive tape they have on the back, such as one made from glass or metal. Aluminum profiles are ideal to use with flexible LED strips, as you they offer the necessary cooling and also convert the strip into a linear lighting fixture.

Advantages of Flexible LED strips

  • Flexible and therefore suitable for curves
  • Simple assembly: Back adhesive strip
  • Good thermal conductivity
  • Up to 5m on one piece (seamless)
  • Very narrow flex strips available (from 5mm)
  • Affordable

 

Rigid LED strips

 Professional Multibar Nichia LED Strips, Plug & Play, CRI90+, flux up to 1600 lm/m

 

Rigid LED strips us a PCB of aluminium or FR4 and are easier to mechanically install than flexible LED strips when building linear lighting fixtures. Usually rigid versions have holes that are specially designed for fixing with screws or holders. This allows a permanent installation on many types of surfaces or environments, such as wood, plaster or stone that are unfriendly to adhesives. Many rigid LED strips also use a plug & play connection system so the electrical wires can be plugged it without the use of a soldering iron.

Advantages of rigid LED strips

  • Suitable for all even surfaces
  • Permanent fixation e.g. with screws
  • Very Robust
  • Easy to connect with plug & play systems
  • Mostly made of FR4 or aluminum

 

Backlight LED strip 

 Professional BackMatrix Nichia LED, up to 39,000 lm / square meter

LED strips intended for wide-area illumination or backlighting (backlight) are usually called "backlight LED strip" or  "LED matrix". They have a uniform LED arrangement in length and width and can be extended in all directions with more modules, so that large, uniform LED fields are created. They are therefore well suited for illuminated ceilings, architecture, surface luminaires, lighting solutions and advertising signs. 

Advantages of Backlight LED strip

  • Very wide surfaces can be easily and uniformly lit
  • Excellent for large area lighting and advertising
  • Extendable in all directions
  • Permanent fixation with screws/bracket
  • Easy to install or replace because of the large module size

The flexible backlight LED strip is a new type of product made possible by the use of the innovative production technique of plasma direct metallization that turns flexible substrates into electrical conductive and solderable circuit boards, even those that before have not been suitable for an assembly with electronic. 

With this process, the new materials will open up many new application possibilities in the lighting industry and beyond.

A new material is the solderable flexible paper, as used in our Paper-Flex, a cost effective PCB that is open to diffusion and therefore ideal for large-area applications such as wallpaper or advertising spaces.
 
Using solderable flexible PET is another innovation, as in the case of the extremely bright Z-Flex980 LED strip. The PET is a plastic cheaper than polyimide, with very good strength, high resilience and low weight

Advantages of Flexible Backlight LED strip

  • Very wide surfaces can be easily and uniformly lit
  • Are available in very long reels that can cover up to 10 square meters with instant light
  • Easy to transport due to reel format
  • Extendable in all directions, even if surface is not flat
  • Easy and permanent fixation with screws/bracket
  • Easy to install or replace because of plug & play design

 

Power LED strips 

 Professional PowerBar LED modules, up to 11.000 lm / m, white, color and UV light

Power LED strips are compact and ultra bright, being designed for applications where a lot of light is needed per square meter, such as plant growth, medical, industry, commercial or architectural lighting. A power LED strip usually uses high power LEDs (1 Watt minimum each) placed on a aluminum PCB. 

Advantages of Power LED strips

  • Highest brightness per meter by using high power LEDs
  • Can use lens for focus lighting
  • Together with lens systems, radiator, lens and clamps, can be made into a linear beam projector
  • Easy to connect with plug & play systems
  • Mostly made of aluminum
 

 

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